Thursday, March 22, 2012

history of health sciences part 2

This post is a continuation of previous post ..
 Development of health sciences in the late Middle Ages
In Europe the population is growing rapidly as a result of urbanization, trade and the many people who perform the pilgrimage, so many of leprosy arose that culminated between 1200 and 1300 century.
fears and concerns of people with bubonic plague occurred in Europe in 1348 and 1350 are often referred to as "black death" that could kill 25 million people and create a government and economic turmoil. "black death" by the local first place because of infeksi.dengan a reduction in air pollution levels that can form a state of endemic and possibly reduce the occurrence of disease.
Separation on a suspect they are infected or that commonly called the quarantine are believed to eliminate toxins effectively for 40 days.
the city used as a quarantine is venice (1348) and Ragusa (1377). started in the 2nd century of the ancient monasteries that commonly used by the association of the church.
with the specific purpose of caring for the sick.
whereas hospital Dibhyzantium used purely for religious or spiritual care and treatment of food and beverages provided by doker further treatment and the surgeon to prisoners who need a doctor.
after the mid-12th century work of scientists such explanations planners and clinicians avecena Rhazes also translated.the theory and quality of basic health and disease is called. also his first time getting a doctor in the treatment position.
The first school after the 10th century there was salemo.dan in the 13th century there were three major centers for medical education that is Montpellier, and Paris in France and in bologna medical education emphasizes the medieval emphasis on the theory of medical words and speculation philosophical
Period endemic bubonic plaque there in erofa towns during the 15th century and into 16.athough size larger than the Black Death, but the solution is still difficult to overcome, and it found the existence of diseases besides typhoid, smallpox and influenza, commonly known in English as the sweating sickness. new diseases such as shypilis began to spread in the 16th century.
In the year 1546 an Italian named Girolamo pracastro  concluded that the disease infected elapsed between objects and people through the spread of disease through a source or act a certain distance of toxin  
Surgery on humans began to exist diuniversitas Bolongna 13 th century, such as forensic and medical considerations immediately did to different specific cause of death.
Beginning of the 16th century the merger academic curiosity, surgery and the art of painting the human body to stimulate profit study publishedyearn1543 a book called "de Humani Corporis Febrica" ​​or a means strukutur human body.
17th century
  Endemic disease remains a major problem, the community began to develop any kind of immunity, and infectious diseases were still often the case
on this 17th century medical theory placed against the human classical functions that show the ideas of the human body as a machine according to medical law.
in this century issued a book containing about heart and blood circulation by a philosopher named Rene Descrates.yang dipubliskan after he died in tahun1628.
History of microscopy begins with instruction materials from Galileo.
Marcello Malpighi of bologna describes the capillary vessels of virgin ditahunn 1661. Anton van leowenhoek introduce a single lens microscope with a diameter 300 that is used to see red blood cells and others.                    
Continued on part 3 :-)

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